Melanoma of the least common skin cancer out of the 3 commonly found skin cancers. It results from uncontrolled growth of melanocytes, the pigment producing cells located at the bottom part of the top skin layer (epidermis). These cells also result in formation of freckles and moles, where they grow in a controlled fashion.
How often does Melanoma occur in New Zealand?
- New Zealand has the highest rate of Melanoma development in the world
- There are about 50 cases upper 100,000 people in New Zealand. New Zealand has surpassed Australia in this regard as the incidence of melanoma in Australia is on the decrease.
- Melanoma is the most common cancer occurring in people between the ages of 15-44. Around 70% melanoma occurs in people age 50 years and older.
- About 4000 people are diagnosed with melanoma every year in New Zealand-that is about 13 patients per day.
- Maori and better regarding the people have gotten low incidence of melanoma but they have taken an more serious melanomas.
- The Death rates are higher among men and appear to be increasing